SYLLABUS GNTST and PNST – ZOOLOGY

MULTICELLULARITY- STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF ANIMAL LIFE:

– Structure and function of animal tissues epithelial, connective muscular, skeletal and nerve.

– Histology of mammalian organs – stomach, intestine, liver, kidney, lung, testes and ovary.

– Structure and physiology of different organ systems of human body. Skin, digestive system,

respiratory system, circulatory system, excretory system, nervous system, reproductive system.

– Skeleton, joints, muscles on the basic of movement receptors.

– Endocrine system with special reference to various endocrine glands of man and hormonal co

ordination.

– Vitamins and minerals ( source and disorders due to deficiencies).

DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY AND GENETICS:

– Female reproductive cycle in mammals. Gametogenesis alongwith structure of sperm and ovum.

Types of eggs, fertilization, types of cleavage and blastula, development of mammals upto three

germinal layers. Foetal membrane structure and functions in mammals.

– Growth, repair, ageing, amniocentesis.

– Chromosomes, types of chromosome, human karyotype and chromosomal abnormalities and

syndromes, hormonal, chromosomal and genic balance theory of sex determination, sex linkage

and sex linked inheritance in man, blood group and their significance, blood bank.

– Tissue culture, genetic engineering( brief idea), mutation gene mutation.

– Human population natality mortality, sex ratio population, explosion, dynamics of human life

with respect to food supply, housing health and standard of living impact of population problems

and their control.

TAXONOMY EVOLUTION ECONOMIC ZOOLOGY:

– Classification- bionomial and trinomial nomenclature, basic features of classification,

classification of different animal phyla upto classes with characters and suitable examples.

– Origin of life, theories of organic evolution- Darwin, Lamarck, synthetic evidence of organic

evolution, human evolution.

– Economic zoology/sericulture, apiculture, lac culture, poultry, fishery and pearl industry.

– Protozaon disease in relation to man, insect carrying diseases in relation to man.

– Cancer types of cancer and cancer cell communicable diseases (Hepatitis, AIDS) . STD, immune

response, vaccines and antisera allergies.

– Smoking, alcoholism and drug addition, symptoms and control.

– Wild conservation.

– Pesticides – users, advantages and hazards.

Questions