SYLLABUS GNTST and PNST – CHEMISTRY

GENERAL AND PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

Structure of atom: constitutions of nucleus: Bohr’s atom model: quantum numbers Aufbau

principle, electronic configuration of elements (upto Kr): De-Broglie relation, shapes of orbitatis.

Chemical bond: electrovalent, covalent and coordinate bonds, hybridisation(sp): hydrogen bond:

shapes of molecules( VSEPR theory): bond polarity, resonance, elements of VBT a MOT.

Solutions: models of expressing concentrations of solutions: types of solutions, Raoult’s law of

colligative properties, non- ideal solution, abnormal molecular weights.

Solid state: crystal lattices, unit cells, structure of ionic compounds: close packed structure ionic

radi, imperfections(point defects): properties of solids.

Nuclear chemistry: radio active radiations: half-life, radioactive decay, group displacement law

structure and properties of nucleus: nucleus reaction, disintegration series artificial transmutation:

isotopes and their uses:radiocarbon dating.

Chemical equillibrium: chemical equillibrium, law of mass action: Kp and Kc: Le Chatelier

principle and its applications. Ionic equilibrium in solutions, solubility product, common ion

effect, theories of acids and base hydrolysis of salts: PH: buffers.

Thermochemistry and thermodynamics: energy changing due to chemical reaction: instrinsic

energy enthalpy, first law of thermodynamics: Hess’s law heats of reactions: second law of

themodynamics: energy free energy: spontaneity of a chemical reaction: free energy change and

chemical equilibrium: free energy as energy available for useful work.

Chemical kinetic: rate of a reaction, factors affecting the rates, rate constant rate expression, order

of reaction, first order rate constant expression and characteristics, Arrhenous equation.

Electrochemistry: oxidation, oxidation number and ion- electron methods. Electrolytic conduction,

Faraday’s law: voltaic cell, electrochemical theory of corrosion. Surface chemistry, colloids and

catalysis: Adsorption, colloids (types preparation and properties), Emulsions, Micelles, catalysis

types and characteristics.

INOGRANIC CHEMISTRY:

Principle and metallurgical operations: furnaces, ore concentration, extraction, purification

metallurgies of Na, Al, Fe, Cu, Ag, Zn and Pb and their properties. Chemical periodicity s.p.d and

f-block elements, periodic table: periodicity: atomic and ionic radii valency, ionization energy,

electron affinity electro negativity, metallic character.

Comparative study of elements: comparative study of following families of elements 1. Alkali

metals 2. Alkaline earth metals 3. Nitrogen family 4. Oxygen family 5. Halogens 6. Noble gases.

Transition

metals: electronic configuration of 3d metal ions, oxidation states, other general characteristics

properties, potassium permanganate, potassium dichromate.

Co-ordination compounds: simple nomenclature, bounding and stability, classification and

bonding in

organometallics. Chemical analysis: chemistry involved is simple inorganic quilitative analysis:

calculations based on acid base titrimetry.

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY:

Calculations of empirical and molecular formula of organic compounds, menclature of organic

compounds, common functional groups isomerism structure and shapes of alkanes, alkanes and

benzene.

Preparation properties and uses of alkynes, alkynes, benzene petroleum, cracking octane number,

gasoline additives.

Nomenclature, physical chemical properties, correlation of physical properties with structure

properties and uses of heloalkanes, halobenzenes,alcohols and phenols: general ideas of some

polyhalogen compounds vizdicholorothanes dichloroethers, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride

D.D.T benzene

hexachloride.

Nomenclature, methods of preparation, chemical properties correlations of physical properties with

structures and uses of elhers aldehydes, ketones,corboxylic acids and their derivatives, brief

account of the chemistry of cyanides isocyanides, amines and nitro compounds.

Polymers: classification: preparation and uses of common natural and synthetic polymers.

Bio-molecules: classification, structure and biological importance of carbohydrates amino acids,

peptides, proteins and enzymes, nucleic acids and lipids

Questions