SYLLABUS GNTST and PNST – PHYSICS
Unit and Dimensions, Dimensional Analysis, S.I, Units, Motion in two dimensions cases of
uniform velocity and uniform acceleration, general relation among position and velocity, uniform
circular motion, force and inertia.Newton’s laws of motion, Conservation of momentum and
Static and kinetic friction, work energy and power elastic collisions, potential energy, gravitational
potential energy and its angular conservations to its kinetic energy, Potential energy of a spring.
Rigid body rotation and conservation of its momentum, moment of inertia, theorems of parallel
and perpendicular axis.( moment of inertia of uniform ring, disc, thin rod and cylinder only).
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation,universal law of gravitation, geostationary satellites,
Hooke’s law, young’s modulus, shear and bulk modulus, surface energy and surface tension,
kinetic theory of gases, gas laws, kinetic energy and temperature.
Specific heats and constant volume and constant pressure mechanical equivalent of heat,
isothermal and adiabatic processes.Heat conduction in one dimension, convection and radiation,
Stefan’s law and Newton’s law of cooling. Periodic motion, simple harmonic motion, Oscillations
due to spring. Wave motion, principle of superposition, progressive and stationery waves, beats
and Doppler effect.
Wave nature of light, interference, young’s double slit experiment, velocity of light and Doppler
effect in light.
Reflection, refraction, total internal reflection, curved mirrors, lenses, mirror and lens formulae.
Dispersion in prism, absorption and emission spectra. The human eye, defects of vision,
magnification and resolving power of telescope and microscope.
“e” and “e/m” for and electron, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, photocells.
Bohr model of the atom, Hydrogen spectrum, composition of nucleus, atomic masses and isotopes,
radioactivity, laws of radio active decay, decay constant, half life and mean life, mass energy
fissions, X- ray, properties and uses.
Elementary ideas of conductor, semi conductor and insulator, intrinsic and extrinsic
semiconductors, p-n junction as a rectifier. Bar magnet, lines of force, torque on a bar magnet due
to magnetic field, earth’s magnetic field, tangent galvanometer, vibration maganetometer.
Coulomb’s law of electrostatic, dielectric constant, electric field and potential due to a point
charge, dipole, dipole field, Guass’s law in a simplegeometrics.
Electrostatic potential, capacitance, parallel plate and spherical capacities in series and parallel,
energy of a capacitor.Electric current, Ohm’s law, Kirchhoffs laws, resistances in series and
parallel temperature dependence of resistance, Wheat stone bridge, potentiometer. Measurement of
voltage as currents.
Electric power, heating effects of currents, chemical effects and law of electrolysis
Blot Savart law, magnetic fields due to a straight wire circular loop and solenoid.
Force on a moving charge in a magnetic field(Lorentz force), magnetic moment of a current loop,
effect of a uniform magnetic field of a current loop, forces between two currents, moving coil,
galvonometer, ammeter and voltmeter.
Electromagnetic induction induced e.m.f., Faradays law, Lenz’s law, self and mutual inductance
alternating currents, impedance and reactance, growth and decay of current in L-R circuit,
elementrary idea if dynamo and transformer.